About Glues and Resins
There are many undeniable truths of life...
- Wet paint has to be tested, dry paint always has a finger print.
- Never argue with an idiot. They're better at it, and will win.
- A watched pot never boils. An unwatched pot makes friends of firemen.
- The bitterness of poor quality remains long after the sweetness of low price is forgotten
- WOOD MOVES!
As for the last one, nothing can stop it. It can be controlled and dealt with, but it can NOT be stopped. To that end, all woodworking joints will eventuall fail. Depending on use and time, it may be 50 years, 200 years, or five years. A chair in a home with eight boys will surely fail before an end table sitting in a roped off museum display. Good furniture will last a lifetime, and can be repaired to last several more. Bad furniture always ends up in the fireplace or landfill.
Out in my shop, I use many glues. I fill voids with tinted epoxy. When I include a small knot in a piece of lumber, if there's any hint that it will dislodge, I'll set it with cyanoacrylate adhesives (Super glue). Large plywood shop cabinets are always glued with Titebond Type II or Type III. If you want an overview of the various glues out there, here is a .pdf quick reference you can print. However, for fine furniture, there IS NO SUBSTITUTE.
Liquid Hide Glue Recipe -- © Joshua Klein In the words of Joshua Klein, "Convert to Collagen." Use hide glue. For fine furniture, there really is no alternative. I actually use both, hot, and liquid hide glue, and I make both myself.
I prefer hot glue when I can use it, but the working time is quite short. Depending on the task at hand, that can be a real boon, or a complete boondoggle. If one needs a rub joint, hot glue is the greatest glue out there. The glue will start to gel in just a minute or two, and can often be set aside to dry without clamps. For a 24" dovetail case side, it's sheer lunacy. I really don't know how the old masters did it. But, that's also a great time to break out the liquid hide glue. It has plenty of working time.
You can spend lots and lots of money to get set up for using hide glue. Or, you can get almost everything you need from Walmart for about $30.00, or so. You'll need the following: A small crock pot (like for chip dip), a meat thermometer for keeping track of the temp (around 140° F), and a flat of 1/2 pint mason jars and/or a couple of plastic ketchup bottles for the glue, and canning salt. Beyond that, all you need is the glue.
For liquid hide glue, follow the recipe in the card above. For hot hide glue, simply mix the glue with equal parts of water, heat and use. And, a kudos shout out to Don Williams and Joshua Klein for the great reads (below).
Huey, Glen. Hide Glue in Liquid Form
Popular Woodworking Magazine., 2011.
Klein, Joshua. Itís Easy to Make Your Own Liquid Hide Glue.
The Workbench Diary., 2013.
Klein, Joshua. Eleven Reasons to Use Animal Hide Glue in Fine and Antique Furniture.
The Workbench Diary., 2014.
Klein, Joshua. Convert to Collagen - A Free Printable Liquid Hide Glue Recipe.
The Workbench Diary., 2015.
Williams, Don. My Favorite Set-Up for Using Hot Hide Glue .
The Barn on White Run (website), 2013.
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